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Summer Alert: Protect Yourself and Your Family from Waterborne Diseases

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As the summer season begins, it’s essential to be aware of the health risks that come with it, particularly waterborne diseases. These diseases, often caused by contaminated water and food, are becoming more common in Pakistan. This blog aims to educate you about these diseases, their causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment. By understanding these risks, you can take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones.

Waterborne diseases can cause dairrhea, cholera, malaria, typhoid, jaundice.

What are Waterborne Diseases?

Waterborne diseases are illnesses caused by microorganisms in contaminated water. In Pakistan, the most common waterborne diseases during the summer are Hepatitis A and E. These diseases can spread quickly, especially among children, through contaminated food and water.

Causes of Waterborne Diseases

  1. Contaminated Water: Drinking or using water contaminated with viruses, bacteria, or parasites can cause diseases.
  2. Contaminated Food: Eating food prepared with contaminated water or under unhygienic conditions, such as street food, can also lead to illness. Common culprits include ice creams, juices from street vendors, and poorly cooked salads.

Symptoms to Watch Out For

waterborne disease symptoms and prevention

Waterborne diseases often present with the following symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Yellowing of the eyes (a sign of jaundice)
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite

If you or someone in your family experiences these symptoms, it is crucial to seek medical advice promptly. If the stomach issues are severe you may have to check for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs)

Prevention Tips

Preventing waterborne diseases involves several simple but effective steps:

  1. Drink Safe Water: Always drink boiled or filtered water. Avoid drinking water from unknown sources, especially when traveling.
  2. Eat Safe Food: Be cautious about where you eat. Avoid street food and ensure that the food is cooked thoroughly.
  3. Personal Hygiene: Wash your hands regularly with soap, especially before eating or preparing food.
  4. Clean Utensils: Use clean utensils for eating and cooking. If someone in your family is ill, keep their utensils separate.
  5.   Avoid eating raw salads and uncooked foods, as they may harbor harmful microorganisms.

Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment

If you suspect that you or a family member has contracted a waterborne disease, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. Two essential tests can help diagnose these diseases:

  1. CBC (Complete Blood Count): This test checks the levels of different cells in the blood.
  2. Liver Function Tests: These tests measure the levels of enzymes like AST and ALT in the liver.

A doctor may recommend these tests at the onset of symptoms, a few days later, and again after a week to monitor the infection.

Treatment and Care

The treatment for waterborne diseases often involves supportive care:

  • Hydration: Ensure the patient stays well-hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids.
  • Rest: Adequate rest is essential for recovery.
  • Avoid Certain Medications: Avoid giving medications like paracetamol unless prescribed by a doctor, as they can cause liver toxicity in patients with liver infections.

If diagnosed early and given appropriate care, most patients recover fully from waterborne diseases. However, special caution is needed for pregnant women, as Hepatitis E can be particularly dangerous for them and their unborn babies.

When to Seek Medical Help

If symptoms persist or worsen, it is important to seek medical help immediately. Delaying treatment can lead to severe complications, especially in vulnerable groups like children and pregnant women. See the Video by Best Gastroenterologist Islamabad. 

Book a Consultation with Islamabad Gastroenterology Associates

Protecting your health and the health of your family should be a priority, especially during the summer season. If you have any concerns about waterborne diseases or need medical advice, don’t hesitate to book a consultation with the Islamabad Gastroenterology Associates. Our experienced team is here to help you stay healthy and informed.


By understanding the causes, symptoms, and prevention of waterborne diseases, you can take proactive steps to safeguard your health. Remember to drink safe water, eat hygienic food, and maintain good personal hygiene. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to a full recovery. Stay vigilant and enjoy a healthy summer!

For more information or to schedule a consultation, please book your consulatation with Islamabad Gastroenterology Associates or call us. Your health is our priority.